My long cherished desire fulfilled as I gazed at the massive ruins of
Machu Picchu, one of the 7 Wonders of the World.
An Incan citadel set at 2430 meters high in Andes mountain range of Peru, Machu
Picchu ruins are spectacular. Machu Picchu symbolizes power and inventiveness of
Inca empire. Machu Picchu is archaeological wonder, too. Constructed without any
use of mortar or tools, still stones fitted so tightly that even a paper cannot be
placed in joint.
Due to the great archaeological significance, Machu Picchu was listed as UNESCO
World Heritage Site in 1983. And in 2007 Machu Picchu got the distinction as one
of the New Seven Wonders of the World. And one of the must visits in my list of
global travels that materialized recently during my visit to Peru in South America.
Built in 15th century Machu Picchu citadel is the most spectacular creation
of Inca empire. And one of the most advanced urban planning of ancient era.
Machu Picchu is a protected area due to its immense heritage value. The
surrounding areas of citadel are conserved for its rich biodiversity. Several
unique species of flora and fauna are found in this region.
Fabulously built Machu Picchu site comprises of many monuments, temples, royal
tombs, plazas, storing houses, platforms, canals and stairways. Site holds
astronomical value too.
There are many theories about the legend of Machu Picchu citadel. Machu Picchu
words come from ethnic Quechua group. Machu means old and Picchu means mountain.
Thus Machu Picchu stands for old mountain. Machu Picchu came to world attention
after an explorer Hiram Bingham’s findings were published in National Geographic
magazine in April 1913.
These days there are multiple options to reach Machu Picchu citadel. Train journey,
bus journey and hiking. I did two days tour from Cusco to Machu Piccu that comprised
scenic journey in Peru Rail Expedition train and hike through sub tropical, dense
jungle.Early morning at four I started my solo hike from Aguas Calientes and reached
Machu Picchu citadel to witness incredible sunrise.My English speaking guide was
waiting at the entrance. And then commenced the exploration of the iconic ruins
which took more than two hours.
To sum up I just say that mode of travel to the historic site may be any, Machu Picchu